Buildings Using Doric Columns in Canada


Doric columns are present in different countries all over the globe, and another good example is Canada. 

If we take a look into Canada’s buildings, we can see their heavy influence from the use of Doric columns. Different structures in Canada are made with Doric Columns – markets, schools, banks, etc.

In this article, we’re going to take a look at some of Canada’s buildings that are using Doric Columns.

Alberta Legislature, Edmonton

Alberta Legislature, Edmonton


The Alberta Legislature Building, situated in Edmonton, Alberta, is a splendid example of Beaux-Arts architecture, which often incorporates classical Greek and Roman styles, including Doric influences. While the building itself is primarily Beaux-Arts, the presence of Doric columns within its architecture is a nod to the ideals of democracy, strength, and simplicity that the Doric order represents. These columns adorn the grand entrance and other parts of the building, contributing to its majestic and authoritative presence. Erected between 1907 and 1913, the Legislature Building stands as a testament to Alberta’s legislative history and serves as a central point for political and ceremonial events. Its use of Doric columns, alongside other classical elements, underscores the building’s importance as a symbol of governance, stability, and enduring beauty in the heart of Edmonton.

Bonsecours Market, Montreal, Quebec

Bonsecours Market, Montreal, Quebec

The Bonsecours Market is a well-known public market in Canada, especially in Montreal. Its construction started in 1844 and completed in 1847. For more than a hundred years, this market is still one of the leading public markets in Montreal. A British architect, William Footner, designed the building. It has a neo-classical style with a long façade filled with doric columns. The beauty of this magnificent structure is one of Montreal’s pride and considered a landmark for sailors on the St. Lawrence River. 

New Quebec Custom House National Historic Site of Canada, Québec, Quebec

New Quebec Custom House National Historic Site of Canada, Québec, Quebec

Also known as the new Customs House. The construction of this building took four years before it opened in 1860. Its appearance has a strong Italian influence and has a neo-classical form. It has six tall Doric columns in the middle façade and high-quality stonework with carved head keystones.

Erdifice Ernest-Cormier, Montreal, Quebec

Built between 1922 and 1926, this was the second courthouse to be known as the Palais de Justice de Montreal. In honor of the death of the building’s designer, Ernest Cormier, in 1980, it was renamed after him. Today, this building serves as the Quebec Court of Appeal. The design of the building features well-made exterior stoneworks with fourteen Doric columns at the front.

Charlotte County Archives, St. Andrews, Canada

Charlotte County Court House

This building is currently the oldest courthouse in Canada. It began its service in 1840, when an architect, Thomas Berry, designed the building. The design of the building is neo-classical that has four Doric columns in the main entrance. This building is still in use today and serves as the local seat of the Court of Queen’s Bench of New Brunswick.

Dundurn Castle, Hamilton, Ontario

Dundurn Castle, Hamilton, Ontario

Dundurn Castle is a famous historic mansion on York Boulevard in Hamilton, Ontario, Canada. It is well known all over Canada, because of its grand entertainments. The castle is an excellent masterpiece of architect Robert Charles Wetherell. The construction completed in 1835, and it is still open today as a Regency house. The building is also known to be a neoclassical structure that has Doric columns.

Old Montreal Courthouse (Vieux Palais de Justice) – Montreal, Quebec

Situated in Montreal, this historic building is a prime example of Neoclassical architecture. Its façade is adorned with Doric columns, reflecting the grandeur and formality associated with early 19th-century public buildings.

Bank of Montreal Head Office – Montreal, Quebec

Bank of Montreal Head Office

The Bank of Montreal’s main branch in Montreal, established in the early 19th century, showcases a façade with Doric columns. This building reflects the strength and stability often associated with financial institutions.

Osgoode Hall – Toronto, Ontario

Osgoode Hall

Home to the Law Society of Ontario, Osgoode Hall features a façade with Doric columns. While the building itself is primarily Neo-Georgian, it incorporates Neoclassical elements, including the use of these columns, which add to its majestic appearance.

The Memorial Arch at the Royal Military College of Canada – Kingston, Ontario

The Memorial Arch at the Royal Military College of Canada

This arch, a significant landmark within the college, features Doric columns. It stands as a memorial to the ex-cadets who have died in service. The use of Doric columns adds a sense of solemnity and dignity to the structure.

Robarts Library at the University of Toronto – Toronto, Ontario

Robarts Library at the University of Toronto

While primarily a brutalist structure, Robarts Library incorporates classical elements in its design, including Doric columns in some of its interior spaces. This blending of styles makes it a unique architectural landmark.

Legislative Building of Manitoba – Winnipeg, Manitoba

Legislative Building of Manitoba

The Manitoba Legislative Building, with its imposing Neoclassical façade, features Doric columns that contribute to its grand and authoritative appearance. This building serves as a fine example of how classical architectural elements have been adapted to suit the Canadian context.

Final Thoughts

Through the years, different neoclassical structures are present all over Canada. Some of them continue to serve their purpose until today. Some of those buildings were demolished due to many reasons. One thing is for sure that these Doric columns remain to stand tall and show us the historical value of one’s land.

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