If you are suspicious about the impurities in your tap water, you are not alone. A lot of people are concerned about their water quality at home, and with good reason.
Some of the nastiest contaminants you can imagine have found their way into our municipal water supplies over time. As such, a little bit of caution pays off – unless, of course, you just like the idea of drinking poison.
Let’s discuss this matter a little further.
Why Water Quality Matters
(Drinking) water quality matters because there are so many toxic substances that your water supply might contain. For specifics, take a look at this data. Your tap water might contain any of the following contaminants:
- Chemicals from detergents and other cleaning products
- Perfluorinated acid
- Pharmaceutical by-products
- Various solvents
It would take forever to name all the potential health problems that can result from the consumption of these pollutants.
And even if your water supply doesn’t contain serious toxins, your water quality still matters a lot. Human health is tied to water quality, and we have at least one good study to corroborate that fact. The researchers in charge found that lifespans and mortality rates correlate with access to clean drinking water. Surprisingly, they found that this factor made a bigger difference than pollution.
How to Find Out What’s In Your Tap Water
Thankfully, it isn’t that difficult to find out what is contained in your tap water. Acting on that information may prove to be more difficult, though. But again, getting the information really isn’t.
You can start by requesting a water quality report from your local water company. They are required by law to provide you a new one every year, so you’ve probably seen one or two before. You can request an additional copy, if you want, that will give you a good idea of what contaminants are currently present in your water.
Unfortunately, not all water companies can be trusted to tell you the truth. Also, some of them may have lax testing procedures that are meant to hide alarming contaminants.
Consequently, the only way to be sure about your water quality is to do your own testing. But this is no reason to throw in the towel. Water test kits are not hard to find, nor are they particularly expensive. Most of them do not require any technical/chemistry skills for their use. In most cases, you simply mix a sample of your water with an indicator solution and compare the resulting discoloration to a chart.
Water Filtration Basics
Home water filters come in numerous sizes, shapes, and types. Some of them are a lot more serious than others. The following section is just a brief overview. To learn about all the different types of water filters as well as their pros and cons, visit watermasterz.com.
The most hardcore option is the reverse osmosis water filter, which removes most pollutants known today. These systems work by using water pressure to force water molecules through a special semi-permeable membrane. Reverse osmosis membranes have holes that are barely large enough for water to pass through.
Reverse osmosis water filtration works because water molecules are very small, even by microscopic standards.
For most people, a reverse osmosis filter system is unnecessary. If your water isn’t all that bad, you can easily make do with a charcoal or carbon-based filtration system (activated carbon is basically just a form of charcoal that has been made to be even more absorptive).
You probably know that charcoal is just partially-burned wood. And most carbon for water filtration is derived from coconut shells.
Both have extraordinary abilities to remove toxins from liquids. They have a tendency to soak up impurities while also removing unpleasant tastes and odors.
Also, just for the record, charcoal is completely safe to ingest in small amounts. In fact, if you ever find yourself the victim of accidental poisoning, ingesting charcoal might save your life.
Whole House Water Filters
A whole house water filter grants you access to filtered water in your entire home. You can drink from each tap without thinking twice. I mean, you could even drink your shower water while we’re at it.
Whole house water filters usually combine a few filter stages in order to tackle a broad range of contaminants.
DIY Water Filter
You may consider the use of a DIY water filter. Building your own filter isn’t quick or easy, but there are good reasons to consider going this route.
- A DIY water filter system can be designed according to your specific needs in terms of contaminant removal. If your water is rich in sediments you can add a sediment filter cartridge, if it isn’t you can leave it out.
- If you stick to standard-sized filter housings and cartridges you will never have difficulties finding replacement filters. Also, you can switch between brands to find the one that works best for you.
- In the end you will know exactly how your new water filter works which makes it a lot easier to maintain and repair.
To give you an example: Making a carbon filter is pretty simple. Activated carbon is widely available in granular form. You should wrap the carbon in multiple layers of cotton. This prevents sediments from clogging the media and it also helps to keep the black matter out of your drinking water.
More and more people are turning to home water filtration systems to protect the health of their families. Thankfully, water filtration is a relatively simple matter. Even if you go with the most complicated options, there isn’t all that much to learn.
We hope that this has been an enlightening overview of the subject and that you know enough to move on to the next step. In case you’re wondering, the next step is to implement a comprehensive water filtration plan for your home.