Electricity is an excellent asset for us. We use it for everything from light bulbs to appliances in action. However, we rarely realize how dependent we are on it until a short power line or storm hits and leaves us without it. Wherever there is electricity, there is the possibility of a short circuit. It not only causes loss of energy, but can also lead to fire, equipment damage, injury, and even death. Here, we will discuss how to make houses short circuit resistant so that you can use electricity without any hindrance.
To make your house short circuit-free, first, you must know what short-circuit is. In technical terms, it is defined as a random, low-resistance path through which an abnormally high current flows. This occurs when the resistance of a circuit falls to zero. Short circuits are usually caused by damaged insulation (allowing contact between wires where it shouldn’t be), improper wiring, or overloading in homes.
Why Does Electrical Short Circuit Happen?
Damaged Circuit Wire Insulation
If the wire covering is broken or faulty, it can cause the hot wires to contact the neutral. It is the main reason for a short circuit. The age of cables, studs, or screws can destroy the insulation and cause short circuits. There is a danger that insects can gnaw the cable insulation and expose it.
Loose Wire Conjunctions
If there are loose wire connections or fittings, this will allow you to touch the neutral and live wires. If the cable connections are open, do not repair yourself; contact an electrician immediately.
Faulty Appliance Wiring
When you plug a device into an electrical outlet, the wiring is essentially an extension of the electrical circuit. Therefore, if there is any problem with the device’s wiring, it leads to problems with the electrical circuit. A short circuit may occur in the power cable, plug, or inside the electrical appliances.
Different Ways To Prevent Your Home From Short-Circuit
Check Plugs Before Use
In simple words, an outlet is a case with several cables. And some of the leading causes of short circuits are defective wiring, loose combiner box attachments, and failing outlets. While these problems can be challenging to diagnose as they are hidden behind the walls of your home, you can still prevent short circuits by checking the plug before each use. There are sure signs that your outlet may be at risk of short-circuiting:
- The outlet has to burn holes or a burning smell.
- A whirring or crackling sound at the power outlet.
- Sparks fly out of the socket.
- The socket is 15-25 years old.
If you notice any of the cautions mentioned above, avoid using the outlet and instantly contact your electric expert.
Look At Electrical Appliances Before Use
Like plugs, it is also essential to test your devices before plugging them in. A short circuit can also be caused by damaged wiring or circuits in the device itself. Check the devices for the following symptoms before each use:
- Broken insulation, casing, or wire.
- Any fractures in the equipment.
- The appliance has opened connections.
If any of these indications are present, we suggest that you dispose of the device or have it repaired by a professional.
Lessen Electrical Usage While Storms
One of the most critical ways a short circuit can occur is through a lightning strike, as too much electricity can cause severe damage. We recommend that you reduce your electricity consumption during a thunderstorm to the required level. This helps prevent short circuits during a storm and helps minimize damage in the event of a power surge.
Unplug Appliances When Not in Use
It is one of the easiest ways to avoid short circuits in your home. Usually, we notice, many electronic devices in the house will continue to use electricity even when not in use. Just see if the light or clock is on your DVD player or any other device to test this. This means that your machine continues to draw power even in standby mode, which could cause an overload short circuit.
Establish Fuses and Distribution Boxes
The fuse disrupts the current movement when it exceeds the amount for which the circuit is designed, thereby limiting a short circuit. Thus, installing fuses and distribution box electrical is an excellent method to make your home short circuit resistant and all possible damage.
Place Magneto-Thermal Switches
These switches have the same working as fuses, but they also suppress voltage. They continuously monitor the current load and interrupt the power supply when it rises above the specified limit, and are very beneficial to prevent short circuits.
Grounding outlets can also restrict short circuits, especially if you connect them to devices that experience internal short circuits.
Connect Devices that Resist Short Circuit
Circuit breakers are a switching device in an electrical circuit that interrupts abnormal currents. It uses an internal spring or pneumatic system to detect any changes in current. It will split the circuit and cut off the current flowing through it. Get a Regular Follow-up From Electrician
Ground-Fault Circuit Interrupters (GFCIs)
The GFCI circuit compares the amount of current that is IN and OUT from the circuit. If there is a ground fault or imbalance between the input and output currents, the GFCI will disconnect the power.
Arc-Fault Circuit Interrupters (AFCIs)
The AFCI shuts down the circuit when an arc is detected in the circuit. This device helps to prevent electrical fires and explosions. Also you can install a dc surge protective device for more protection.
We hope this article will be helpful to you to make your home short-circuit-free; along with this, make sure to get in touch with a certified technician and check the electrical equipment at least once a year. They can identify critical problems and solve them before they become dangerous. Please do not take any risk on your own because they are well trained and experienced in their fields.