Learn About The Different Types of Colon Cancer


If you have recently been diagnosed with a new type of colon cancer, it is important to learn what type of colon cancer you are suffering from. This article will explain the different types of colon cancer, including their symptoms and treatment options.

The Different Types of Colon Cancer

There are four major types of colon cancer, which include adenocarcinoma, intestinal, tubular carcinoma, and mixed tumors. As colon cancers grow in size, they often spread to other locations in the body. These other locations include the liver or lungs. Colon cancer is a serious condition that requires diligent research and treatment. Knowing the different types of colon cancer will give you a better understanding of the extent of your diagnosis and the expected course of your treatment.

Differences Between Colon Cancer and Other Diseases

There are many different types of colon cancer. However, the most common type is adenocarcinoma, which is a form of cancer that starts in the lining cells (epithelial cells). The second most common type is squamous cell carcinoma, which starts in the squamous cells of the large intestine. Colon cancer is a type of tumor that begins in the colon and rectum. There are a number of different types of colon cancer, with each type falling into one of three different categories: adenocarcinoma, squamous cell carcinoma, or polypoid carcinoma. People who have had one form of colon cancer are more than 5 times as likely to develop another type.

How is a Colorectal Exam Done?

When a person has been diagnosed with colorectal cancer, their primary care physicians may send them to have a colonoscopy. This is a health exam that takes place in the rectum and sigmoid colon, where the doctors can look for signs of cancerous cells, polyps, and other problems. The process can only be done when the individual is sedated. Other screenings include stool tests and barium enemas.

The Basics of Colonoscopy

A colonoscopy is a diagnostic procedure that uses a flexible tube with a camera on the end to view the inside of your large intestine. This procedure can detect and remove precancerous polyps, small tumors, and cancer. It’s most often performed as part of a colonoscopy series which may be recommended for people with persistent symptoms. With the help of a camera, identification of polyps, as well as biopsies and sigmoidoscopy, colon cancer may be treated. Colonoscopy alone will not make a diagnosis or cure for colon cancer, but it’s one of the most effective tests for colorectal cancer.

Genetic Testing for Colorectal Cancer

Genetic testing for colorectal cancer is a screening tool that can detect patterns of inheritance that may lead to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. These patterns are often called colorectal cancer risk factors or genetic variants. Genetic testing isn’t meant to replace annual screenings with a colonoscopy and stool exams, but it is an additional tool that may help determine the need for more extensive screenings. Genetic testing can be helpful for finding the cause and warning signs of colorectal cancer. The tests can also help your doctor determine what options are available for treatment after the disease has been identified. You may also find out about hereditary markers that could keep other family members from getting a similar diagnosis.


Colon cancer is a malignant tumor that can develop in the lining of the large intestine, or colon. Colon cancer doesn’t typically spread to other parts of the body and is most commonly found in people over 50 years old. If you are at risk for colon cancer, you may be asked to take aspirin every day, limit alcohol, and avoid being overweight.



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