Caring for Betta Fish: A Beginner’s Guide

Betta fish are a popular choice among beginner and experienced fish keepers. It is because of their vibrant colors and energetic traits. They are usually compared to the Siamese fighting fish because the male bettas can be quite aggressive. Other than that, they are lovely and make an excellent addition to the aquarium.

If you are new to the fish-keeping hobby, we have you covered! Keep reading to find out the factors you need to pet a betta fish successfully.

Bettas are the best pet fish for beginners. But caring for them doesn’t come off easily. They require great care from the time they’re born.

The first step in caring for your betta fish is to set-up a proper tank to give them an environment similar to their natural habitat. Once you have prepared a tank for them, you are ready to learn how to take care of them.

Here are the essential things you need to know:

How to Care for Betta Fish

After you have prepared the aquarium, these are the things you need to know:


Bettas are colorful and active creatures, and you would want to keep them that way. In order to do that, you must maintain a well-balanced diet for them. There are many kinds of food for bettas, but among them, flakes are the most popular. You can also add some freeze-dried bloodworms and brine shrimp and to the diet. If you have goldfish, get safe, healthy, and affordable goldfish food pellets here.

While feeding the bettas, you must be careful of over-feeding them. They can end up over-eating and end up fouling the water and exhausted. To avoid this situation, feed the adult bettas with about a pinch amount of the food and well-crushed flake foods for the young ones.

Looking for more betta fish food options? Check out the guide here:

Tank maintenance

To provide your bettas with a proper living environment, check the water temperature, filters, and other equipment daily, and adjust them according to their needs.

Also, don’t forget to check the water quality and change at least twenty-five percent of the tank’s total volume once a week. You will also have to check the filter and change the media once every few months.


Male bettas don’t get along well with other male bettas or any other fish in the tank. They are very defensive when it comes to their territory and ends up fighting for it. It is why you shouldn’t put more than one male betta in the tank. They should be kept in separate tanks.

Female bettas get along much better with other fish in the tank.

A few fishes like Poecilia, Catfish, and Bloodfin Tetras could get along with the bettas. However, it would be best if you take caution before putting them together for their safety.

Health observation

It is the most significant step in caring for your pet.

Bettas are natural warriors and tough species of fish. However, that doesn’t make them immune to diseases and infections.

To ensure their good health, you must avoid overcrowding the tank because it could lead to an easy spread of diseases and also stress your pet.

Finally, make sure that the water quality of the tank is in check with regular changes and sufficient filtration equipment.

Here are some signs of healthy fish to keep their health in check:

  1. Aware and active
  2. Good appetite
  3. The males will produce vibrant colors
  4. Reacts violently towards any provocation

Here are some red flags to let you know when they are not well:

  1. Unenergetic and dull color
  2. Spots or fungus on specific body parts
  3. Loss in appetite
  4. Cloudy eyes
  5. Slightly raised scales
  6. Worn out fins
  7. Uneasy respirations
  8. Inconsistent swimming pattern
  9. Weight loss


It would be best if you got your bettas checked as soon as you see any of these signs occurring.


As a pet lover, it is always good to see your pets happy. It gives you the idea that you are giving them a better life than what could have been.

Seeing your pets happy and healthy is also therapeutic, so it always wise to know how to care for them in the best way.

Since they cannot tell you what they need, we have done our research based on the concept of experts in the field and prepared the best guidelines to care for your bettas.