The bustling New York you see today was once a part of New Netherlands. It was a Dutch colony that was discovered by the explorer Henry Hudson in 1609. The Dutch ship sailed by the Hudson River and many people called it a home. It later took the name it has today, courtesy of the events that shaped the city’s past and present. Below is a list of events to know about.
A Dutch Settlement
Soon, the Dutch started trading with Native Americans of the area. The Fort Orange in Albany, New York brings back memories of the former-day Dutch settlement. As they explored further, the Dutch mapped New Amsterdam out of present-day Manhattan.
Taking over New Amsterdam
A new map, inked by the Dutch, sketched the vicinity of New Amsterdam. This area became the capital of New Netherland, a Dutch occupancy. Things stayed the same until the summer of 1664 when some English warships arrived near New Amsterdam. The English sought to take over the city and make it their own. However, most of the residents of New Amsterdam were not Dutch. Therefore, the English made a promise to these residents that they can abide by their commercial rights.
Ellis Island Immigrants
For a span of almost five decades, immigrants arriving to the East Coast used the Ellis Island as their gateway. Over there, migrant applications were evaluated, and people were either sent back home or allowed to enter the United States of America. As of this writing, Ellis Island is a museum and it’s connected with New York’s Statue of Liberty.
Calling it New York
As the English promised to give the residents their due right, people reached a consensus. The new English government renamed the town to New York, after the Duke of York, James. The Duke of York took over the entire New Netherlands colony. In the American Revolution, New York did not sign the declaration of Independence until 1776. That is because they were waiting to hear back from the colony for approval. New York also saw some of the most fighting wars in American history, some of which were;
- Battle of Fort Ticonderoga
- Battle of Saratoga
- Battle of Yorktown
The British faced a defeat at the Battle of Yorktown in 1782. In 1783, the Paris Treaty marked an end to the British settlement, and they left New York.
Constructing the Brooklyn Bridge
John Augustus Roebling started building the Brooklyn Bridge in 1869. John soon fell sick and handed over his project to his son, Washington Roebling. In 1870, Washington got physically injured and passed on the project to his wife, Emily Warren Roebling. The lady worked day and night with her husband and the construction crew until Brooklyn Bridge became a reality in 1883. It was the largest suspension bridge of its times, but people gossiped about its weakness and shallowness. P.T Barnum marched with 21 elephants across the bridge to test its strength and got his answer. Today, Brooklyn Bridge stands tall and keeps attracting tourists.
The New York Post & End of Slavery
New York Post was previously known as the New York Evening Post. It was established by Alexander Hamilton, country’s first secretary of treasury, in 1801. He created this publication to highlight the principles of American constitution and their application. New York put a formal end to slavery in 1827, as more New Yorkers became part of the anti-slavery movement. Countless events of torture and hardship brought this day, but the announcement caused more riots. New York once again saw some gruesome events as angry mobs raided homes and raised hue and cry. This war ended in 1863 after some formal steps by the government.
The Statue of Liberty
Another iconic monument in New York is the Statue of Liberty. It is one of the most attractive locations in the city and frequented by tourists from around the world. Lady Liberty opened in 1886 and became a new hope for the Nation. Lady Liberty was a gift from France to the US, to celebrate the victory in American Civil War. Tourists can still climb the flight of stairs to the top of the crown and enjoy a beautiful view of New York and Brooklyn from there.
Pop Culture Origins in New York
New York’s history also holds dear some events that led to the introduction of pop culture in the city. the 1969 Woodstock Music and Art Fair was one of the first of such events. It soon became one of the most popular festivals. 400,000 people attended the three-day festival, and the numbers only increased in the coming years. Today, New York is home to the most popular shows in the country. Celebrities, artists and renowned personalities from around the world visit New York for important events.
The city experienced one of the most critical events that resulted in the gay liberation movement in the late 1960s. It comprised of a chain of violent, spontaneous demonstrations against a police raid. This togetherness by the members of the gay community highlighted the start of the modern war for LGBT rights in the US.
I Love New York Slogan
I love NY. You see this logo and slogan everywhere now. In 1977, this slogan originated in a marketing campaign to boost tourism in the city. Milton Glaser, a popular designer created this logo, which is plastered around the city and used for memorabilia. It is impossible to walk around Manhattan without spotting the slogan at least ten times.
World Trade Center Incident
In 2001, the World Trade Center twin towers collapsed after terrorist bombings. It resulted in the death of thousands of people and caused a global uproar. New York can never forget this incident because it impacted many lives. There is a memorial in place for the ones who lost their lives in the WTC incident. Visitors can still go to the 9/11 memorial and pray for their loved ones.
Forming of The United Nations
The UN or the United Nations was created in 1945 once the WWII came to an end. Originally created with 51 member states, the organization has grown to a strong 193 members. Although the Security Council used to get together in London, New York City became the UN’s headquarters in 1952. The city currently holds the Security Council, General Assembly, Secretariat, as well as Economic and Social Council.
Whether you trust us when we say this or not, New York wasn’t called New York in the past. It is the way you see it today because of the historic events that defined the city’s culture, architecture, traditions and more. Hope you enjoyed learning about the city’s past.